As a house painter, you want your work to speak for itself.
probably want your work to say things like quality, service and value. But
long before your work ever speaks for you, you have to speak for it. Painters
have to be good communicators with other tradespeople and their customers,
A chief concern for painters on the job is safety. Paint itself
is a safe product if it is used properly.
To find out how to use a
paint or related product properly, a house painter turns to something called
a Material Safety Data Sheet, or MSDS for short. These sheets are available
to professional painters for any paint product they purchase. An MSDS provides
complete information on all known hazards associated with the ingredients
used in a product.
"By law, painters are supposed to have MSDS sheets
available to them on the job," says David Lick. He is an instructor of painting
and decorating. "They must know how to read them, what to do about personal
protection, what to do in case of a spill, and what to tell other people about
how they can protect themselves."
You're a house painter, and you've
been handed the following MSDS for General Paint's 11-010 Eggshell Enamel
-- White. You are in charge of safety precautions on the job site, and you
have to tell your colleagues how they should protect themselves.
the MSDS carefully. Pick out what you think is important for you to know regarding
safety aspects of the paint. Figure out what safety precautions you and your
co-workers must take.
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
SECTION I -- IDENTIFICATION
GENERAL PAINT LTD.
Seattle, WA 98101
Trade Name: EGGSHELL ENAMEL-WHITE
Chemical Family: Alkyd Enamel
Product Use: Protective
SECTION II -- HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS
|LO ODOR MIN. SPIRITS
SECTION III -- PHYSICAL DATA
PHYSICAL STATE: liquid
RATE (butyl acetate = 1): <1
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 1.44
(deg. C): 150
VAPOR PRESSURE (mm Hg): 7
FREEZING POINT: <0 deg.
VAPOUR DENSITY (air = 1): >2
pH: Not Applicable
-- FIRE AND EXPLOSION DATA
FLASHPOINT (deg. C): 40 TCC
in air): 1
AUTO-IGNITION TEMP.(deg. C): 227
U.E.L.(% in air): 6
Vapor may be ignited by flame, pilot lights, smoking, sparks, heaters, electrical
equipment, static discharges, or other ignition sources close to, or distant
from, point of handling. Material will accumulate static charges. Ensure good
grounding. Empty product containers may contain product residue. Do not pressurize,
cut, heat or expose to other sources of ignition.
FIREFIGHTING: Use dry
chemical carbon dioxide or alcohol foam as extinguishing agents. Use water
spray to cool closed containers. Respirators are required for firefighting
personnel in enclosed areas.
SECTION V -- REACTIVITY DATA
INCOMPATABILITY: Do not mix with strong oxidizing agents, strong
acids or bases, amines, halogens.
SECTION VI -- TOXICOLOGY DATA
CONTACT: Frequent or prolonged contact may irritate skin or cause dermatitis.
CONTACT: May cause conjunctivitis, mild transient corneal injury or other
tissue damage. May cause irritation.
INHALATION: In high concentrations,
vapors are irritating and may cause headaches, nausea, anesthesia, dizziness,
incoordination, central nervous system effects, fatigue, euphoria, double
vision, ataxia, unconsciousness, or comas. Prolonged or repeated exposure
may cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness and central nervous system
INGESTION: Harmful or fatal if swallowed. Minute amounts aspirated
into lungs during swallowing or subsequent vomiting may cause dangerous bronchopneumonia
or pulmonary edema.
CHRONIC EXPOSURE: Prolonged exposure to respirable
crystalline silica may cause chronic lung injury (silicosis). Crystalline
silica is rated as a class 2A substance (probably carcinogenic to humans).
EFFECTS: Inhalation of respirable crystalline silica may aggravate other pulmonary
conditions and diseases and increase susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis.
In rare cases, may sensitize heart muscles causing heart arrhythmia.
VII -- PREVENTATIVE MEASURES
PROTECTIVE GLOVES: Chemical resistant
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: NIOSH-approved organic vapor
cartridge mask or air supplied respirator. Add particulate cartridge during
OTHER CLOTHING: Rubber apron
Local exhaust ventilation using explosion-proof equipment to maintain exposure
limits below individual TLVs. Adequate ventilation must be supplied in confined
spaces or self-contained breathing apparatus must be used.
LEAK PROCEDURE: Remove all sources of ignition. Prevent from entering sewers
or watercourses. Contain spread. Notify appropriate authorities. Ventilate
enclosed spaces and wear respiratory protection. Pump up using explosion-proof
equipment or soak up with sand or other non-flammable, inert absorbent.
DISPOSAL: Reclaim or dispose of in accordance with all local, state and federal
HANDLING and STORAGE: Keep containers closed. Store in a
cool, well-ventilated area away from oxidizing agents, other incompatible
substances and sources of ignition. Product is a static accumulator. Transfer
equipment should be grounded or bonded. Use good personal hygiene. Containers
may retain residue when emptied and should be commercially cleaned before
reuse. Keep out of reach of children.
SECTION VIII -- FIRST AID MEASURES
SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing. Wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
Seek medical attention if irritation persists. Launder contaminated clothing
EYES: Flush with water for at least 20 minutes. Seek medical
INHALATION: Rescuers should wear respiratory protection if
entry into hazardous atmosphere is required. Remove victim immediately from
contaminated area. Apply artificial respiration if breathing has stopped.
Keep at rest. Obtain medical attention immediately.
INGESTION: Do not
induce vomiting. Keep at rest. Obtain medical attention immediately.
IX -- PREPARATION INFORMATION
PREPARED BY: Technical Dept.
General Paint Ltd.
Now answer the following
- What are you using?
- What is in it that's toxic?
- What should you do about personal protective equipment?
- What should you do in case of a spill or accident?