Expand mobile version menu

Parole and Probation Officer  What They Do

Just the Facts


Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists Career Video



Provides social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Makes recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations.

This career is part of the Human Services cluster Family and Community Services pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Interviews probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans.
  • Recommends remedial action or initiates court action in response to noncompliance with terms of probation or parole.
  • Administers drug and alcohol tests, including random drug screens of offenders, to verify compliance with substance abuse treatment programs.
  • Prepares and maintains a case folder for each assigned inmate or offender.
  • Discusses with offenders how such issues as drug and alcohol abuse and anger management problems might have played roles in their criminal behavior.
  • Conducts prehearing and presentencing investigations and testifies in court regarding offenders' backgrounds and recommends sentences and sentencing conditions.
  • Informs an offender or inmate of the requirements of conditional release, such as office visits, restitution payments, and educational and employment stipulations.
  • Writes reports describing offenders' progress.
  • Arranges for medical, mental health, or substance abuse treatment services according to individual needs or court orders.
  • Supervises people on community-based sentences, such as electronically monitored home detention, and provides field supervision of probationers by conducting curfew checks or visits to home, work, or school.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Regular working hours and limited travel

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Correctional Officer -- Guards and monitors inmates in a correctional facility in accordance with established regulations and procedures.
  • Detention Officer -- Maintains secure detention facilities while ensuring the well being of those incarcerated and adhering to local, state and national laws and regulations.
  • Juvenile Correctional Officer -- Maintains security in a juvenile detention facility, intervenes in fights, searches for weapons and contraband, monitors behavior to look for possible signs of violence or suicide, and may also transport the juveniles from one correctional facility to ano