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Fire Protection Engineer  What They Do

Just the Facts


Researches causes of fires, determines fire protection methods, and designs or recommends materials or equipment such as structural components or fire-detection equipment to assist organizations in safeguarding life and property against fire, explosion, and related hazards.

This career is part of the Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security cluster Emergency and Fire Management Services pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Advises architects, builders, and other construction personnel on fire prevention equipment and techniques, and on fire code and standard interpretation and compliance.
  • Inspects buildings or building designs to determine fire protection system requirements and potential problems in areas such as water supplies, exit locations, and construction materials.
  • Designs fire detection equipment, alarm systems, and fire extinguishing devices and systems.
  • Prepares and writes reports detailing specific fire prevention and protection issues, such as work performed, revised codes or standards, and proposed review schedules.
  • Determines causes of fires and ways in which they could have been prevented.
  • Directs the purchase, modification, installation, maintenance, and operation of fire protection systems.
  • Develops plans for the prevention of destruction by fire, wind, and water.
  • Consults with authorities to discuss safety regulations and to recommend changes as necessary.
  • Studies the relationships between ignition sources and materials to determine how fires start.
  • Develops training materials and conducts training sessions on fire protection.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would sit most of the time. There's some walking and standing. You may have to lift and carry things like books, papers or tools weighing 10 lbs. or less.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Identifying color and seeing differences in color, including shades and brightness
  • Seeing clearly at a distance
  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Overtime work
  • Regular working hours and limited travel

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Fire Prevention Research Engineer --