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Personal and Home Care Aide  What They Do

Just the Facts


Assists elderly or disabled adults with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime non-residential facility. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds, doing laundry, washing dishes) and preparing meals. May provide meals and supervised activities at non-residential care facilities. May advise families, and the elderly and disabled on such things as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities.

This career is part of the Human Services cluster Personal Care Services pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Administers bedside or personal care, such as ambulation or personal hygiene assistance.
  • Prepares and maintains records of client progress and services performed, reporting changes in client condition to manager or supervisor.
  • Performs healthcare-related tasks, such as monitoring vital signs and medication, under the direction of registered nurses or physiotherapists.
  • Participates in case reviews, consulting with the team caring for the client, to evaluate the client's needs and plan for continuing services.
  • Cares for individuals or families during periods of incapacitation, family disruption, or convalescence, providing companionship, personal care, or help in adjusting to new lifestyles.
  • Performs housekeeping duties, such as cooking, cleaning, washing clothes or dishes, or running errands.
  • Instructs or advises clients on issues such as household cleanliness, utilities, hygiene, nutrition, or infant care.
  • Plans, shops for, or prepares nutritious meals or assists families in planning, shopping for, or preparing nutritious meals.
  • Transports clients to locations outside the home, such as to physicians' offices or on outings, using a motor vehicle.
  • Provides clients with communication assistance, typing their correspondence or obtaining information for them.

Related Careers


Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves bending or twisting your body more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposed to disease and infections more than once a month through work such as patient care, laboratory work, and sanitation control
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves walking or running more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Independent Living Specialist -- Provides services to individuals with psychiatric disabilities.
  • Live in Caregiver -- Resides with the person they care for and is available to assist them during any time of the day, helping them perform everyday tasks that they can no longer do on their own.